This summer, Hubei Women's Federation (HWF), in central China, conducted an investigation into rural women's spiritual and cultural life in cities of the province.
HWF designed the Questionnaire for the Spiritual and Cultural Life of Rural Women in Hubei Province. Respondents were mainly women aged from 18 to 55.
The survey collected feedback on the status quo of rural women's cultural life, the demand for home-based employment, the role of Women's Home centers in communities and the implementation of the national rural revitalization campaign. And the women's new appeals and requirements collected during the investigation also reflected the issues that require immediate consideration and resolution in leading women at grassroots level.
Among the 2,899 valid questionnaires collected, over half of respondents indicated they were "basically satisfied" when asked about their opinion on the current state of their life.
Their major pastimes and recreational activities were: watching TV, using mobile phones and browsing on the Internet, followed by dancing and exercise.
Most people said it was necessary to strengthen relevant infrastructure construction such as cultural squares to enrich the spiritual life of rural women
In addition, over 60 percent of respondents claimed dissatisfaction with their low or unstable incomes; 70 percent said they were currently most concerned about basic necessities, such as food and clothes, housing, medical care, education, employment and social security, followed by family relations and their children's education.
According to the survey, women interviewed generally spoke highly of women's federations. Over some 60 percent knew and have participated in activities organized by women's federations; and most of them commented positively on activities and events carried out by the women's federations, saying they are meaningful and practical.
In terms of help and services provided by women's federations, the protection of women's and children's legitimate rights and interests came as a priority; other issues included skills training and financial support, efforts to raise women's awareness of preferential policies, free screening for the so-called "two cancers," along with women's health knowledge popularization, lectures on marriage, family and child education and exchange activities.
During the investigation, many women proposed suggestions for women's federations such as offering regular health checkups, developing rural tourism and building rural libraries.
They also shared their opinions on working on promotion of rural civilization, filial piety, family education, skills training, legal education and the use of new media.
The research team found rural women generally have a strong willingness to participate in collective cultural and sports activities and family education knowledge training, whilst officials usually face difficulties of insufficient funds and lack of resources.
Respondents also noticed that some libraries in the village lacked books and reading materials to fulfill women's and children's psychological and spiritual needs. To solve these problems, relevant departments should integrate resources and bring the care of the Party and the government to women and children through concrete measures.
(Source: Fnews.cc/ Translated and edited by Women of China)
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