Officials in southwest China's Yunnan Province held a press conference on November 23 to mark the 40th anniversary of the country's reform and opening up drive.
From 1978 to 2008, the province seized the main contradictions of the serious imbalance between supply and demand in the health sector; resumed the reconstruction of the rural cooperative medical care system; accelerated the building of the rural health service system; and focused on increasing the supply of health services.
In 2009, Yunnan launched a new round of medical and health system reform by focusing on strengthening the reform at the grassroots level and continuing to deepen the supply-side structural reform in the health sector to accelerate the construction of a high-quality and efficient medical and health service system.
They have continuously implemented the standardization of rural medical and health institutions, establishing the Chinese medicine service capacity improvement project and the standard for the upgrading of county-level public hospitals in order to promote the distribution of quality medical resources in the grassroots and poverty-stricken areas.
By the end of 2017, Yunnan had established 24,688 medical and health institutions, 2.9 times higher than the 6,293 in 1982; and achieved full coverage of townships, villages and communities. The number of beds in medical and health institutions reached 274,800, which was an increase of 3 times compared to that of 1982.
In addition, Yunnan has cultivated 369,200 health technicians, 3.6 times higher than that of 1982.
Social forces also accelerated the development of medical treatment. Private hospitals accounted for 66.05 percent in the province. The contradiction between supply and demand of medical services in Yunnan was greatly relieved.
In 2017, the province initially formed 58 medical associations led by tertiary public hospitals in urban areas, with 201 county-level medical communities and 192 specialist alliances and telemedicine collaboration network covering 182 medical institutions established at various levels.
They have also taken the lead in introducing Internet medical service price standards, and formed the grading diagnosis and treatment service system.
In 2017, the province established insurance files for all the poverty-stricken population and raised the actual reimbursement rate for hospital treatment to 90.26 percent, relieving 322,000 people from poverty due to illness during the year.
In addition, the province has built a universal medical insurance system covering urban and rural areas, greatly improving the health level of local people. More than one-third of the residents have family doctors and 90 percent have filed personal health records, according to Yang Yang, director of the Provincial Health Commission.
The province has also continuously included the Mother and Child Health Plan and the Caring for Women and Children's Health Action in the provincial government's ten practical projects.
According to data, the maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate and under-fives mortality rate have dropped from 28.01 per 100,000, 9.35 per thousand and 11.89 per thousand in 2012 to 19.65 per 100,000, 6.70 per thousand and 8.79 per thousand in 2017 respectively.
(Source: Cnwomen.cn/ Translated and edited by Women of China)