China Women's News recently compiled a list of the top 10 news events that impacted on the lives of women in the country in 2017.
|The State Policy of Gender Equality|
1. Fundamental State Policy of Gender Equality Written into Party's Administrative Program for 2nd Time
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) concluded on October 24. On behalf of the 18th Central Committee of the CPC, President Xi Jinping delivered a report at the event.
In the report, Xi stated it was necessary to adhere to the fundamental policy of gender equality and protect the legitimate rights and interests of women and minors. It marked the second time that the policy of gender equality was written into the Party's Administrative Program.
2. Central Economic Work Conference Urges to Alleviate Gender Discrimination in Employment
The annual Central Economic Work Conference was held in Beijing from December 18-20. At the conference, Xi analyzed the country's current economic situation and laid out strategies for further economic development.
Noticeably, gender equality in employment stood out as an important issue at the conference and gained much attention.
|Reform of women's federations [Xinhua]|
3. Women's Federations Enter a Period of Reform
According to the reform plan issued by the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), local women's federations took corresponding reform measures. Through this top-down revolution, ACWF aimed to optimize the size and structure of women's federations at all levels to better serve grassroots citizens.
4. National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) Funds More Research Programs by Women
Gao Ruiping, vice-director of the committee of the NSFC, said that a series of policies were issued to prioritize research by women scientists. The percentage of funded female researchers' programs increased steadily and hit a new high of 40.8 percent in 2017.
|Female Chinese scientist Tu Youyou|
5. Tu Youyou: China's 1st Woman to Win Top National Science Award
On January 9, the central committee of the CPC and the State Council held an annual ceremony in Beijing to honor distinguished scientists and research achievements. Tu Youyou received the National Top Science Award, becoming the first female scientist to do so and thus making her indelible mark on the Chinese science community.
|Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor, the chief executive of the Hong Kong SAR [People's Daily Online]|
6. Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor Elected 1st Female Chief Executive of HK
Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor won the election to become the fifth-term chief executive of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) on March 26. Therefore, she became the first female official to hold this post.
7. Govt of Hebei Province Launches Systematic Policies to Actualize Gender Equality in Employment
The 12th meeting of Hebei People's Congress set up a series of policies to guarantee women's legitimate rights in employment. These policies clarified the leading role of the government and enterprises' responsibility to ensure fairness and equality for female employees.
Specifically, the meeting proposed measures to protect women workers from sexual harassment and personal injury.
|The first all-female group sent by the People's Liberation Army to guard Nansha Islands in the South China Sea [China Daily]|
8. PLA Sends 10 Female Members to Be Stationed on Nansha Islands for 1st Time
Ten female members of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) joined the garrison guarding the Nansha Islands in the South China Sea on December 11.
The group, at an average age of 23, consisted of officers and sergeants from seven provinces and municipalities in China. Stationed on the Nansha Islands, the country's southernmost territories, the young women make important contributions to their posts, said officials.
|The Marriage Law of the People's Republic of China [China Women's News]|
9. Supplementary Rule Helps Solve Dispute over Article 24 of Supreme Court's Judicial Interpretation of Marriage Law
On February 28 last year, the Supreme Court issued a supplementary term relating to the Judicial Interpretation on the Marriage Law, clarifying that laws should not be used to protect illegal or false debts in the case of a divorce.
In March, 45 deputies to the National People's Congress (NPC) offered five suggestions to review Article 24 of the Interpretation on joint debts of divorcing couples. .
|A unisex toilet can be used by people of all genders. [China Women's News]|
10. Toilet Revolution in China: Building Women-only and "Unisex" WCs
The so-called "toilet revolution" initiated in February by the China National Tourism Administration (CNTA) aimed to boost the public services infrastructure and provide convenience for women.
The CNTA planned to establish 604 unisex toilets at scenic spots nationwide by the end of 2017.
Additionally, it intended to increase the overall ratio of female-to-male toilet cubicles to 3:2 (and 2:1 in crowded areas) by building women-only WCs. The measure would relieve the heavy traffic encountered by women when using facilities.
(Source: Xinhua/Translated and edited by Women of China)