Researchers recently participated in an academic research forum at Nankai University (NKU), Tianjin, during October 20-21 to discuss gender history and its role in Chinese society.
The event was jointly organized by the editorial department of periodical Guangdong Social Science, NKU's School of History, Graduate School and the Research Base of the Gender Culture and Sociology Development.
The meeting drew the attendance of over 80 experts and scholars from universities and research institutions from home and abroad, including Peking University, Tsinghua University and Taiwan New Highlands Culture and Creativity Group.
Together, attendees shared results related to their in-depth research on women from diverse perspectives to reveal more about their lives from different aspects in society and during different periods.
Scholars have paid significant attention to school education since it was first launched by modern women's liberation movement and had achieved remarkable results.
At the event, scholar Bai Zhongyang explored the social impacts and predicaments of participants at female worker training institutes.
Zhang Ruonan spoke about the influence of Shanghai's industrial development on women's physical and psychological health.
Meanwhile, Wang Mengmeng gave a talk on the issue of gender conflicts in workplaces in Tianjin.
Liu Chaojian shared research on the population structure and status of modern marriage and the family in Urumqi, northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Dong Jiabei shared research into homicide cases between husbands and wives in north China's Hebei Province in the early 20th century.
Wang Bei explored the role of Chinese wives of sinologists in cross-cultural communications.
Gender Implications in Religious Beliefs
Scholars at the event also talked about the religious and folk beliefs regarding rituals, organizations and classical culture.
Hou Jie and Zhang Xinya investigated the beliefs around the Chinese sea-goddess Mazu in coastal areas.
Li Chunyao gave an account of the worship of the goddess of shamanism in China's northeastern areas.
Dai Hongduo analyzed folk ceremonies related to abortion imagination and redemption. Wang Yixue systematically compiled and analyzed the image of women in The New Testament.
Guests also participated in a heated discussion on interpreting political, military and diplomatic issues from the perspective of social gender.
Lu Jianrong analyzed women's participation in politics in the early Tang Dynasty (618-906) based on an epitaph from the tomb of imperial consort Shangguan Wan'er unearthed in 2013.
Wu Hui focused on the diplomatic activities carried out by the Empress Dowager Cixi at the Summer Palace in Beijing.
Wang Dongmei and Tang Rui respectively expounded on the historical experience and enlightenment of the rural women's movement and women's ideological and political education led by the Communist Party of China at the beginning of the founding of new China.
Several scholars also made an analysis of female images in modern Chinese women's self-portraits, Chinese New Year folk pictures, political paintings and other pictures.
In addition, experts also concentrated on how to critically absorb and draw on relevant experiences and organically combine Western theories and methods with Chinese practices.
Yin Li introduced the latest research results on Chinese women following the introduction of reform and opening-up, as published in the Australia-based China Journal.
Li Qiankun and Wang Jing pointed out the three major problems in the Chinese gender discipline paradigm. They said Chinese gender scholars should take China's conditions into consideration while doing local studies, actively promote the mutual integration of basic theories and strengthen the development of interdisciplinary studies.
In addition, children's history, medical history, and body history were also topics of discussion. Ju Ru and Yao Fei analyzed the contradiction between Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine and the concept of the women's body in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in modern China.
Wang Jiesheng made a presentation on the integration of history and gender by investigating the Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao Memorial in Tianjin.
Scholars also conducted research and investigations into the life experiences of women from different lines of work, such as politicians, painters, writers and shop assistants, in different regions and areas.
They further focused on studies regarding underprivileged women and children by adopting relevant theories and methods used in music, dramas, medicine, psychology and other subjects, which are set to promote the development of women's and gender's history research, according to organizers.
(Source: Wsic.ac.cn/ Translated and edited by Women of China)