Whilst Gender Gap Shrinks, Marriage Imbalance Still Exists

February 1, 2018  Editor: Chen Caixia

The population trend of there being more men than women on the Chinese mainland has steadily slowed down in recent months, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.

A report issued last month by the department says that in 2016, there were 33.6 million more men than women in China.

The statistics also indicate that the total population on the Chinese mainland was about 1.4 billion by the end of 2017, among which, the population of men stood at about 711.4 million, and the female population stood at 678.7 million.

That means men now outnumber women by 32.7 million, down 900,000 compared with 2016.

"The narrower gender gap is attributed to the comprehensive two-child policy implemented by the country since 2015," said Chen Jian, vice-chairperson of China Society of Economic Reform. 

China previously had 120 men for every 100 women, with a gender ratio even reaching 130:100 in some rural areas. "It intensified the imbalance between men and women, bringing negative effects to society," added Chen.

Chen also stressed that an increased gender gap could cause social problems, threat population ecology, and affect sustainable economic development.

Among these problems, having a larger male population than a female one made it more difficult for men to find a wife.

Li Jianxin, a professor at the Department of Sociology, Peking University, also noted that a surplus of men, whose physiological needs cannot be normally met, might pose a threat to society.

China is now stepping into an aging society, and if the number of unmarried people keeps rising, it will be a complex and difficult social security problem in the future, commented Li.

In addition, Chinese women nowadays have more advantages in choosing their mates than men due to the gender gap. They are inclined to choose someone better than themselves, making it harder for them to find a suitable marriage partner, Chen pointed out.

(Source: China News Service / Translated and edited by Women of China)

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