Many Chinese women scientists have made great contributions to the development of science and technology, especially in the fields of physics and biology.
Let's take a look at some examples of women scientists from modern times and earlier.
Although they all took different paths in their lives, each made a commitment to science with a strong desire to learn more about the unknown.
Wu Jianxiong was born on May 31, 1912 in a small town of Taichang county, Jiangsu Province. She went to study in the U.S. in 1936 and got a doctor's degree at the University of California in 1940.
Wu has made outstanding achievements in the field of atomic physics, and thus won many international prizes.
On February 16, 1997, Wu passed away.
He Zehui was China's first woman qualified as a doctor of physics.
She was also the first female academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and belonged to the first-generation of Chinese nuclear physicists.
On June 20, 2011, He Zehui departed her life in the morning, known as the "Marie Curie of China".
Xie Xide was born on March 19, 1921 in the city of Quanzhou in southeast China's Fujian Province.
Xie is famous both at home and abroad for her achievements in the fields of semiconductor physics and surface physics.
Xie was once elected president of Fudan University and she has made great contributions to the international communication of physics.
Wang Mingzhen was born in Suzhou, east China's Jiangsu Province. She studied at Nanjing Ginling College from 1926-1928.
Wang made a deep and systematic study of statistical physics. She was the first to deduce the Brownian motion of free particle and simple harmonic oscillator independently from Fokker-Planck and Kramers equations.
Wang died after an illness in Beijing in August 2010.
Born on March 18, 1911, Lu Shijia graduated from the physics department of Peking Normal University in 1933 and went to Germany's Curtin University in 1937 for further studies of physics.
Lu got a doctor's degree in 1942.
Lu headed back to China in 1946 and got involved in the establishment of Beihang College in 1952.
Lu once took charge of creating the country's first college degree in aerodynamics and created the first high-speed wind tunnel in China.
Li Fanghua was born in 1932.
Li graduated from Leningrad State University in 1956 and paid study visits from 1982-1983 in Osaka University.
She is now a doctoral supervisor of Chinese Academy of Sciences, with the main research direction in electron diffraction and microscopy.
Yu Junying was born in Zhuji in east China's Zhejiang Province.
Yu graduated from Peking University in 1997 and went to the University of Pennsylvania for a doctor's degree in biology.
In 2003, Yu joined Thomson Laboratory. The lab is tutored by James Thomson, a famous biologist who first successfully isolated human stem cells.
In November 2007, Yu shook the world for cultivating human stem cells through non-cloning technology.
Tu Youyou was born in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province on December 30, 1930.
Tu was admitted to Peking University in 1951 and worked in China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences after graduation.
In October 2015, Tu won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of artemisinin, which can be used to reduce the death rate of malaria.
Tu is the first Chinese citizen to win a Nobel Prize in Sciences.
(Source: Women Voice/Translated and edited by Women of China)