Survey: Male, Female Returnees Face Differing Employment Situation at Home

September 10, 2018  Editor: Liu Yanmei
Pretax monthly income of returnees (blue for male, orange for female) []


Overseas returnees in China face significant differences in finding a job or starting their own businesses depending on their gender, according to the recently released the Report on Employment and Entrepreneurship of Chinese Returnees.

The Center for China and Globalization (CCG) and leading hiring website released the report on August 19.

The report focuses on the new generation of returnees, and compared the changes of their employment or self-employment before and after the experience of studying abroad.

The report notes that 61 percent of returnees returned to their hometowns. The rest choose Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou as their key destinations.

In terms of the job-hunting cycle, the report indicates that 42 percent of returnees find a job within a month; 40 percent find a job in one to three months; and, only 5 percent take six months or more.

Compared with the data last year, the proportion of returnees who find a job within a month increased by 10 percentage points which to some extent reflects improved competitiveness of returnees in the domestic job market.

According to the survey, finance, software and IT services, manufacturing, education, wholesale and retail, culture/sports and entertainment are the six major sectors of their employment, accounting for respectively 14 percent, 13 percent, 12 percent, 11 percent, 8 percent and 7 percent.

The data also indicates that, in top ranked industries, further differences occur between men and women.

For female returnees, education (15 percent) and culture/sports and entertainment (10 percent) accounted for significantly more career paths than men. For men, the proportion who joined the financial sector (17 percent) and manufacturing (15 percent) is significantly higher than that of women.

According to the report, nearly 70 percent of returnees' pretax monthly income reach 6,000 yuan.

More women earn a pre-tax monthly income of below 8,000 yuan, while more men earned a pre-tax monthly income of 8,000-10,000 yuan. There is no gender difference in the group whose pre-tax monthly income is higher than 10,000 yuan.

According to the report, the top three industries chosen by overseas returnees to start their own businesses are: Software and IT services (17 percent), wholesale and retail (15 percent), and education (11 percent).

The top two were dominated by men, while more women started businesses in education.

Start-ups with more women than men include those involved in the accommodation and catering industry.

The report also shows a significant gender difference in the evaluation of services provided to those overseas returnees to help them start businesses.

Some 23 percent of men and only 4 percent of women thought such services were “very helpful”; 21 percent of men thought it provided limited help, compared with a staggering 43 percent of women.

The report suggested entrepreneurial services should better adapt to the needs of female returnees.


(Source: and edited by Women of China)

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