The average age of first childbirth among women in Shanghai reached 29 in 2015, matching the average in the EU, according to a report on Shanghai women's development released by the city's women's federation on November 27, 2018.
Compared with other urban areas across the country, the age of first marriage for men and women in Shanghai increased faster than the national level, and the increase in the age of women's first marriage was higher than that of men.
The report indicates that the increasingly higher level of education of women in Shanghai has provided them with a broader career development prospect.
Among the female labor force, the proportion of occupations classified as technical personnel, directors and professionals increased by 12 percent, 8.5 and 2.7 percent respectively from 1982-2015.
The number is still growing faster than the national average, according to the authors.
Although the professional level of women has greatly increased, the proportion of men and women in various occupations still varies considerably, especially in senior-level occupations.
In 2015, the proportion of female principals was 29.1 percent. In the same profession, the higher the level of the position, the lower the proportion of women.
In addition, the elevation of women's social status in terms of economy and education has not significantly improved the sharing of their domestic work; women still bear the double burden of paid work and housework.
Regarding the stereotype that men should focus on work and women should center on family, men and women's approval levels for the statement rose consistently during 1990-2010.
The proportion of women who "strongly disagreed" with the statement fell from 45.2 percent in 1990 to 24.5 percent in 2000; whilst the percentage of those who "agreed totally" rose from 2.6 percent in 1990 to 7.2 percent in 2010.
Meanwhile, the average life expectancy of women in Shanghai has increased, reaching a remarkable high level of human development.
In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the life expectancy of women in Shanghai has risen from 74.8 years in 1978 to 85.9 years in 2017, which is higher than the national average by more than six years, ranking first in all provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country except Hong Kong and Macau.
(Source: Cnwomen.com.cn/ Translated and edited by Women of China)
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